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This is the "Secondary Sources" page of the "Environmental Law Clinic" guide.
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Environmental Law Clinic  

Last Updated: Sep 7, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

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Secondary Sources


Google Books

Search with the terms  environmental law, hazardous substances, climatec changes, water or conservation to find Google books on this subject. Then narrow your search by country.  You may also find materials relevant to this topic by browsing the following call number range in the Law Library: K3478-3593, KF3773-3794, KF3812, KF3946, KF3958-3975.

Google Scholar

Google Scholar contains links to scholarly articles, theses and books in many  disciplines.  Full text is also available for many of the links.


What Are Secondary Sources?

Secondary sources are finding tools that interpret legal topics.  They cannot be cited in most legal writing, but their importance lies in the fact that these sources explain and define areas of the law with textual analysis and introductions to basic resources.  They are also good for informative footnotes and citations to primary sources.  There are a number of types of secondary sources, but for researching topics on Reentry of Ex-Offenders, treatises, articles and reports are important.

Beginning Your Research

Secondary sources such as articles, books and reports can provide you with an overview of your topic and help you think of search terms you might have otherwise missed.  They also cite primary authorities such as statutes, treaties and cases.  Use the primary sources cited in secondary sources as a jumping-off point to find other primary sources in several ways:

  • Shepardize or Key CIte a case or statute to find what other sources they cite.
  • On Westlaw or in the paper editions of the West Digests, look up the topics and Key Numbers in the cases you've already read to find other cases that address the same issue(s).
  • Read annotations to statutes to find cross references to cases that have analyzed the legislation or regulations that have been issued under authority.

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